Which film composers have won the most Academy Awards?
21 March 2022, 17:34
The 94th Oscars are on the horizon, so we’ve ranked the musical masterminds - in order of total number of Oscars - who have won big at the glitzy annual awards.
The Academy Awards ceremony (better known as the Oscars) has been running since 1929 and is one of the most prestigious events in the film industry’s calendar.
Now in its 94th year, the ceremony recognises excellence in cinema and is watched by thousands of people all over the globe.
Alongside awards for Best Actress, Best Director and Best Film, there are also a number of musical accolades. Categories include Best Original Song and Best Original Score – and over the past few decades, we’ve witnessed some gifted composers take home several Oscars for their remarkable work.
However last month, the Academy announced it would cut eight categories from the live Oscars telecast, including Best Original Score. The decision was met with pushback from the music, and wider film industry.
To celebrate the achievements of composers, we’ve created a list of the most decorated musicians to have their work honoured at the Oscars.
In first place with 9 wins, is Alfred Newman
The 20th century American composer, Alfred Newman, received 45 nominations during his lifetime (1900 - 1970) for his soundtracks. Along with two of his fellow composers, Max Steiner and Dimitri Tiomkin, was considered one of the “three godfathers of film music”.
Over his forty year career he scored over 200 films, and was one of the most respected film score composers of his time.
Some of his most notable work includes the scores to: Wuthering Heights (1939), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939), How the West Was Won (1962), and Airport (1970).
Alfred was the head of a family of major Hollywood film composers. His brother Lionel Newman won the Academy Award for Best Score of a Musical Picture for Hello Dolly! (1969).
His son, Thomas Newman, has been nominated for fifteen Academy Awards (notable scores include, The Shawshank Redemption (1994), WALL-E (2008), the James Bond films Skyfall (2012) and Spectre (2015). His nephew, Randy Newman, has won two Academy Awards for Best Original Song (“If I Didn't Have You” from Monsters, Inc. (2002), and “We Belong Together” from Toy Story 3 (2011).)
In second place with 8 wins, is Alan Menken
Known for his spectacular scores to Disney’s Little Mermaid, Aladdin and Pocahontas, American composer, Alan Menken is part of an elite group of EGOT holders (winner of an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony award).
The composer also has a won a whopping eleven Grammy Awards.
Menken won both Best Original Score and Best Original Song for all four of the following films; The Little Mermaid (1989), Beauty and the Beast (1991), Aladdin (1992), Pocahontas (1995).
In joint third place with 5 wins, is John Williams...
John Williams has received more than 50 Oscar nominations to date – more than any other living composer – so it’s no surprise the composer comes a very close third on this list.
Since winning Best Original Score for Fiddler on the Roof at the 44th annual ceremony in 1972, the American composer has continued to mesmerise audiences with his soundtracks.
His four other winning soundtracks include the scores to Spielberg’s thriller Jaws in 1976, the music for Star Wars in 1978, E.T. The Extra Terrestrial in 1983 and the heart-breaking music for Schindler’s List in 1994.
Also in third place is John Barry
With a total of five Oscar wins, English composer and conductor John Barry has also found success with the Academy.
In 1967, he took home Best Original Score and Best Original Song for his soundtrack to Born Free – a heartwarming true story about Elsa the lion.
Subsequent wins have included for his scores for The Lion In Winter (1969), Out of Africa (1985) and Dances With Wolves (1990).
Finally, in third place is also Johnny Green
American composer, John Waldo Green, was nominated for an Oscar thirteen times, and won five awards.
The twentieth century composer won for the musical scores of films including An American in Paris (1951), West Side Story (1961), and Oliver! (1968).
Multiple high profile composers have received four or three Academy Awards each.
Composers who have won four awards include; Henry Mancini, Johnny Mercer, André Previn, Dimitri Tiomkin and Jimmy Van Heusen.
Those with three Oscars each include; Max Steiner, Miklos Rózsa, Maurice Jarre, Howard Shore, Michel Legrand, Marvin Hamlisch, Burt Bacharach, Giorgio Moroder and Stephen Schwartz.
Join Andrew Collins on Saturday Night at the Movies, this Saturday 26 March from 7pm, to hear music from the films up for an award this year, and catch up on Global Player.