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20 May 2014, 17:08 | Updated: 20 May 2014, 17:13
Music scholarship may change forever after the Russian master's Symphony No. 2 sold at auction today alongside music by Beethoven, Puccini and Mozart.
Manuscripts, books and annotated scores by composers sold at auction for a total of £3,919,789 today, with Rachmaninov's music making up a large chunk of the total sales. The Symphony No. 2 manuscript was the highest priced item in Sotheby's Music, Continental and Russian Books and Manuscripts auction, selling for £1,202,500 - more than double the price of the second highest item, an autographed score by Mozart.
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After going missing shortly after the work's premiere in 1908, the score was undiscovered until 2004 when it was sold at auction. It is now hoped the complete manuscript will add to existing scholarship around the music; as well as being in good condition, the score itself sheds light on Rachmaninov's original intentions, with deletions, corrections and annotations by the composer himself.
"Apart from the corrected page-proofs now in Moscow, there are no other surviving manuscripts that give us any insight into the genesis and evolution of Rachmaninov's symphony," Sotheby's said. "No sketches, short-score draft, copyist's manuscripts or proofs seem to have survived: this seems to be the sole and most important source for the Second Symphony."
As well as important musical works, other items on sale today included leaves from the Gutenberg Bible, a copy of Aesop's Fables from 1501, and early editions of scholarly texts by Kant and Luther.