Symphony No.4 in F minor Opus 36 Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky
Take a pictorial journey across Britain as we join Ben Fogle on the trail of this nation's greatest composers and artists. Let us guide you through the musical heritage of Oxford...
Haydn's Oxford Symphony is the most famous piece of work inspired by the city. Haydn conducted his Oxford Symphony in a series of concerts at the city's Sheldonian Theatre, a beautiful 1000-seater hall designed by Sir Christopher Wren held to mark the composer's honorary degree from the university.
But Haydn didn't actually compose this symphony for the occasion. He had written it earlier for a performance in Paris, but it became known as the 'Oxford' through its association with the Sheldonian.
Haydn's not the only musician to be awarded an honorary doctorate from the University. The Beatles’ producer Sir George Martin and the conductors Sir Georg Solti and Herbert von Karajan are just a few musician greats to have been honoured.
Herbert von Karajan made his name as the conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra. The orchestra that recently put on an historic performance at the Sheldonian.
Daniel Barenboim conducted the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra for the occasion, which included a performance of Adagio from Elgar cello concerto, the concerto made famous by his former wife, Jacqueline Du Pre.
Bach is another Baroque master who continues to figure prominently in the life of the Sheldonian Theatre. Every week for over 100 years, the Oxford Bach Choir have rehearsed here.
The Ashmolean Museum, a museum of art and archaeology is home to one of the world's most valuable violins, a rare Stradivarius that as never been played.
The Choir at Christ Church Cathedral was formed in 1526. Its first organist and master of the choristers, appointed by Cardinal Wolsey (pictured), was the composer John Taverner. Taverner wrote a lot of church music including masses and motets.
The present Master of the Queen's Music, Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, composed an opera about the organist and composer called, simply, Taverner.
Christ Church Cathedral provided the backdrop for many scenes in the Harry Potter films. The Cathedral's Great Hall became the banqueting hall at Hogwarts the great staircase leading to it is the one all new arrivals to the famous wizarding school must ascend. The soundtracks for the first three films, which include the film's signature track 'Hedwig's Theme' were composed by Hollywood composing legend John Williams, before Patrick Doyle, Nicholas Hooper and Alexandre Deslplat took over writing duties.
Oxford University's first library, the Bodleian Library is the home to over 500,000 items of printed music and manuscripts – including Handel's conducting score for Messiah, which the composer used at the premiere of his oratorio in Dublin in 1743.
Haydn's original composing score can be found in the British Library in London
Not so long ago Oxford became synonymous with TV detective Chief Inspector Morse, a great music fan especially the operas of Mozart and Wagner. Classical music featured heavily in Morse soundtracks and even, in the case of the Magic Flute, as the basis for a plot.
Barrington Pheloung composed the theme tune for the show which spelt out Morse's name in code. Pheloung's other credits include Lewis the follow-up to Morse, and Hilary and Jackie, the film about the cellist Jacqueline Du Pre and her sister.
Oxford is also home to one of the finest Anglican choirs in the world, the Choir of New College Oxford. The Choir was founded in the late 14th century by William of Wykeham and the Choir's unique talents are in regular demand around the world.