Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: "It is a mistake to think that the practice of my art has become easy to me."
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Who was Mozart? A Fast & Friendly Guide
Johannes Chrystostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart (1756–1791) was arguably the most gifted musician in the history of classical music. His inspiration is often described as 'divine', but he worked assiduously, not only to become the great composer he was, but also a conductor, virtuoso pianist, organist and violinist. Mozart's music embraces opera, symphony, concerto, chamber, choral, instrumental and vocal music, revealing an astonishing number of imperishable masterpieces.
- Mozart was born in Salzburg, in 1756. Mozart's father, Leopold, was an ambitious composer and violinist.
- Though he was and still is considered a genius, he was also tactless, arrogant and had a scatological sense of humour.
- Mozart composed his first opera, Apollo et Hyacinthus when he was only 11. A year later the Emperor Joseph II commissioned him to write La finta semplice.
- In August 1782 he married Constanze Weber. The Mozarts' marriage seemed to be a happy one. Constanze was easy-going, free-spending and usually pregnant. Only two of their six children survived.
- Post-marriage, some of Mozart's best started to appear -the Haffner and Linz symphonies and five string quartets, for example.
- Between 1784 and 1786, he composed nine piano concertos and three of these concurrently with The Marriage of Figaro.
- The year 1787 saw the premiere of Mozart's second opera, Don Giovanni.
- Mozart had a great run of successes in his final years - Eine Kleine Nachtmusik and the Clarinet Quintet in A, three of his 41 symphonies; Cosí fan Tutte, three piano trios, the Coronation piano concerto, two piano sonatas and three string quartets.
- His health began to fail and his work rate slowed in 1790. He got better, though, and in 1791 alone composed the most famous The Magic Flute, the Requiem (unfinished), and the Clarinet Concerto.
- Mozart did not live long enough to complete his Requiem. He died in Vienna, in 1791, before his 36th birthday.
Mozart: 15 facts about the great composer
Born in Salzburg in 1756, Mozart is now recognised as one of the best classical composers of all times, with repertoire spanning opera to symphonies
Two gold flutes are better than one.
Discover Mozart's beautiful evening song
"What fun! I'll break your head." Mozart was responsible for some hilarious and troubling letters to his family
Let us show you where to start with opera - what to listen out for, which composers to seek out and whether to bring your opera glasses…
Meet the cast of characters in Mozart's life - his family, his friends, his rivals and his loves
Some of the most beautiful and emotional lines in the letters written by the great composers to their partners, lovers and muses.
To mark Father's Day, we've cherry-picked some of the best parenting advice from the music world. Perhaps don't follow it *all* to the letter…
Is that a teeny, tiny Queen of the Night?
One-line letter shows a super close-up of composer’s spidery handwriting.
Classic FM Album of the Week, 13 July 2015.
Listen to the Classic FM Drive Featured Album, 29 June 2015, after 6pm - or watch Klieser play now.
Top Mozart Pieces
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