Clarinet Quartet No.2 in C minor Opus 4 (3) Bernhard Crusell Download 'Clarinet Quartet No.2 in C minor Opus 4 (3)' on iTunes
The history of one of the world's greatest composers, illustrated by cute dogs.
Johann Sebastian was born into a musical dynasty. Uncles, cousins, fathers, cats, dogs; you name it, the Bachs were legendary in musical circles.
By age 10, Bach's mother and father had both died, he moved to the nearby town of Ohrdruf with his elder brother, Johann Christoph Bach. His brother taught him music, but wasn't too keen on Johann Sebastian copying out his scores. The younger Bach had to sneak peaks at Johann Christoph's music library under cover of darkness. This 10-year-old was getting good, and nobody could hold him back.
Bach took a choral scholarship at St. Michael's School in Lüneburg. The surname on the CV probably helped. He met all sorts of people, and heard a whole heap of new musical styles. He sang and played the organ; he was very good at the organ - leaps and bounds ahead of anyone else.
Bach had an idol, and it was Dieterich Buxtehude. He decided that Buxtehude's famously extravagant Abendmusiken concerts in Lübeck had to be experienced, so the young composer famously made the 250-mile journey on foot. Let's hope he enjoyed the gig.
The maestro apparently called one of his students a "nanny-goat bassoonist" - and it sparked a marketplace brawl. Boys will be boys.
Johann Sebastian's exceptional skills at the keyboard were renown throughout Europe - and the art of virtuosic improvisation was a particular gift.
Doing what he did best: church music
Bach took another church job in Weimar, and soon became known as one of Germany's greatest composers and virtuosos, taking on organ pupils from far and wide. He also married Maria Barbara – so happy times all round (for the time being at least).
Either he'd had enough of the church, or he just fancied a bit of extra shut-eye on a Sunday morning, but Bach soon moved on to pastures new: Prince Leopold's court in Cöthen. Here, he pumped out huge amounts of chamber music. And a good thing too.
Bach's first wife died suddenly, and the composer got married for a second time - to singer Anna Magdalena Wilcke. Prince Leopold had married too, but his wife wasn't too fond of music. It was time for the Bach family to move on again, and Leipzig it was.
JSB liked his caffeine hit (must have been all those early Sunday mornings) - so much so he composed what's known as his 'Coffee Cantata.' It concerns the characters' addiction to coffee - and most likely first performed in a Leipzig coffee house, where he'd often have musical afternoons with friends.
He wasn't just prolific in music - his family was flourishing (he had 20 children in all). His wife Anna Magdalena helped in the music copying, and several of his sons were making big names for themselves as composers and musicians.
Bach grew increasingly frustrated and disillusioned with the authorities at St. Thomas's Church - so he amused himself in creating large scale, and quite geeky, compositional projects.
Bach loved numbers, and musical riddles. Many of his great works contain encoded numerological messages and complex things like mirrored sections.
The Musical Offering was a collection of musical puzzles on a single melodic theme - and included something termed the 'Crab Fugue'.
When Bach died in 1750 his style of composition was considered old-fashioned and rather out-of-date. His sons. composing in new styles, were now considered the hottest things in town. But over the following decades and centuries Bach's music was rediscovered and he became regarded as one of the finest composers in musical history. Many have since tried to imitate, but there's only one.