Cello Concerto in E minor Opus 85 (3) Edward Elgar Download 'Cello Concerto in E minor Opus 85 (3)' on iTunes
On the news of his death, we look at what made Sir John Tavener a great composer.
As a student, Tavener studied at the prestigious Royal Academy of Music, where he shone as a composer and wrote works for the newly formed London Sinfonietta.
Tavener's early success with The Whale was perhaps inevitable - it was released on The Beatles' Apple label. He was also a friend of John Lennon and Ringo Starr during their mid-1960s Beatles peak.
He collaborated with cellist Stephen Isserlis in 1988 for the epic piece The Protecting Veil, which was premiered the year after.
Tavener underwent a religious conversion in 1977, after exploring many different elements of world faiths. He converted to the Russian Orthodox Church, which went on to be a big influence on his music.
The Lamb, a haunting unaccompanied work for choir, is still performed regularly today. It embodies his religious influences and his musical language perhaps more clearly than any other of his works.
Tavener will perhaps always be best known for his 'Song For Athene', which was performed at the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales, in 1997. Photo: Simone Canetty-Clarke
The year 2000 saw John Tavener officially become Sir John Tavener in the Queen's Millennium Honours List.
In 2005, Tavener was presented with an Ivor Novello award for Classical Music, given to him by Stephen Fry.
Tavener was known for his strong views on religion, which he simply and eloquently put into words on the occasion of his 60th brithday: "The one thing that exists is God: everything else is an illusion... If you love someone, you don’t really love that person, you love God. I can’t see it any other way. There’s only one being, one thing. There’s only one God and only one thing that exists, and that is God. We are God, and we have to find that in ourselves. It’s you and I, there is no other. It’s all one."